Following the Battle of Dunbar in 1650, over 4000 Scots had been captured and imprisoned. In fairly short order, 150 of the healthiest men were gathered, taken to London and then shipped on the Unity to New England, arriving in Massachusetts. These approximately 150 Scottish prisoners of war which arrived in Massachusetts Bay were a small remnant of the prisoners from the Battle of Dunbar which numbered in the thousands. Many perished in England or were banished to other countries to serve time.
In the days of “iron men and wooden ships”, crossing broad expanses of ocean often resulted in problems for the ill-fed sailors. Scurvy, a disease that left sufferers with some unpleasant and dangerous symptoms like swollen, bleeding gums, loosened teeth, slow healing from wounds, easy bruising, anemia, and soreness and stiffness in joints afflicted many. Eventually it was proven (in 1747) that those who ate fresh fruits and vegetables, especially citrus fruits, were not stricken with the disease, and such foods were issued aboard British Navy vessels at regular intervals… starting nearly 50 years later in 1795!? (From this preventative dietary adjustment arose the British sailors’ nickname “Limeys”.)
Why do we bring this to your attention? To let you know that 80 years ago last week, University of Pittsburgh chemists and researchers W. A. Waugh and C. G. King published a paper on their successful isolation of Vitamin C. WAUGH, an old Scottish name meaning ‘foreigner’, is found in records from the 1200s in the borders region, i.e. southern Scotland and northern England.
From Jeanne Treat: I describe several 17th century trans-Atlantic sea voyages in my novel “Dark Destiny”.