Happy Hogmanay and Happy New Year!

Traditionally, the Scots were a superstitious race. For an event as significant as the dawning of a new year, customs, rituals and traditions inevitably arose around the country. Many of these have now disappeared but others have carried on down through the years and some have even become essential ingredients of today’s celebrations.
http://www.visitscotland.com/guide/inspirational/features/very-scottish/hogmanay
Hogmanay - Scotland

Hogmanay - Scotland

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Beekeeping in the 17th century in Europe

Beekeeping in Skeps

Beekeeping in Skeps

In my novel “Dark Destiny”, the monks at Deer Abbey kept bees to acquire honey for healing, baking, and wine making.  The bees were kept in skeps, conical woven baskets that sat on a flat surface.  The monks often wore a hat with a veil or a hood with a woven frontpiece.  Other that that, they were relatively unprotected from bee stings.  Honey was also used as valuable trading item.
Here is a link to a site that discusses traditional beekeeping: